There are actually three types of skin cancer:
- Basal Cell Carcinoma
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma
- Malignant Melanoma
People that spend a lot of time outdoors for work or other activities or have a skin type that is sensitive to the sun are advised to be screened for skin cancer at least once a year during this screening, they will be checked out for any changes in the skin that look suspicious. Along with the supervised screening, it makes sense to screen yourself from time to time for any moles or blemishes that have appeared.
Your chances of identifying potential problems are improved if you know a bit about the disease. This article will cover the three types of skin cancer and symptoms detailing the characteristics of each and possible treatments.
In this article, I will be discussing the most common types of skin cancer in greater detail.
Skin cancer is a condition that develops as a result of, prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. This prolonged exposure then causes the skin cells to grow in a rapid, out of control way ultimately leading to the formation of a cancerous tumor on the skin. Approximately 60,000 people in the UK develop this condition each year However, what many people do not know is that not all skin cancers are the same.
1) BASAL CELL CARCINOMA (BCC)
The most commonly diagnosed types of skin cancer list. Ases the disease does not spread but is localized to a n most cases however on rare occasions they may spread.
Ancer is known as basal cell carcinoma. Typical signs of on the face or neck. Other signs are brown or flesh an appear anywhere on the body but are more common.
As most cases of basal cell carcinoma are benign and do not spread to other parts of the body treatment is relatively easy and effective. The bump or mark is simply cut out or frozen and removed. This can be done in 30 minutes at a doctor’s surgery.
The symptoms of the basal cell skin cancer are that it develops some scaly surface on the area which is usually exposed to the light. There are special creams available to remove this kind of infection which is known as actinic keratosis and the special cream which is advised to remove this is imiquimod. Usually what people do is that they leave that red area as it is and that infection gets enough time to make his own way and this is the reason why the person get trapped by this skin cancer.
This is the most common types of skin cancer cells and accounts for 75% of all diagnoses. As the name suggests it begins when the process of cell division goes wrong in the basal cells of the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin) and a cancerous tumor forms. This tumor often looks like a red ulcer on the skin which may bleed, crust or itch and is often given the nickname ‘rodent ulcer’.
Basal cell carcinoma typically appears on areas of the body that are exposed to the sun such as the arms, legs, and face. Although it is the most common type of skin carcinoma it rarely kills. However, it can disfigure the skin if left untreated for a long period.
2) SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
Squamous Cell Carcinoma is similar to basal cell carcinoma and has the same methods for treatment. However, it is more liable to spread than the other type and therefore needs to be treated immediately it is diagnosed.
This types of skin cancer on face does not spread regularly as it shows its impact occasionally and when it spreads all over the body it could be much more dangerous that melanoma even. It is again advised that whenever one feels that with a very low speed he is receiving some sorts of infection then he must consult a specialist before it gets uncontrollable.
A red nodule or bump that is hard or firm to touch is a typical manifestation of squamous cell carcinoma. It will develop from this to have scaly or flaky skin on the surface that may peel. Eventually, it will become a lesion that may bleed. It can occur anywhere on the body but the common areas are the face, neck, arms and hands. It can also appear on the lips and ears sometimes. Treatment involves cutting away the carcinoma or freezing it.
This types of skin cancer on face accounts for between 15% and 20% of skin cancers. It begins when the squamous cells of the epidermis start to grow in a rapid and uncontrollable way which ultimately leads to the development of a cancerous tumor.
This tumor often resembles a hard red lump or a flat, scaly, scab-like area Like BCC, squamous cell carcinoma often appears on parts of the body that are exposed to the sun and rarely kills. However, if left untreated it can spread to other areas of the body.
3) MALIGNANT MELANOMA
Melanoma cancer is common in 3 types of skin cancer however it is the most serious of the three, especially if it goes undiagnosed or untreated. Of the three it is most likely to spread to other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes and vital organs of the body.
If this occurs (known as metastasizes) then it becomes difficult to treat and may involve chemotherapy and other aggressive treatments. Early detection is crucial for a melanoma but they are often very hard to identify. This is why it is important to get a screen once a year by a professional in the diagnose of skin cancer.
This types of skin cancer represents less than 10% of diagnoses.
It develops in melanin-producing skin cells called melanocytes. Malignant melanoma begins when the process of cell division goes wrong in these melanocytes and they start to divide and multiply uncontrollably leading to the development of a tumor.
This tumor has a large, brown mole-like appearance and can appear on your arms, back, leg or face. Although it resembles a mole there are subtle differences, malignant melanomas are often a different color to normal moles and they are often larger and more uneven. Unlike BCC and SCC, this type of cancer is very dangerous if not treated quickly and accounts for the majority of skin cancer fatalities.
I hope this article has given you an insight into this type of cancer. Whilst skin blemishes and odd looking moles may be non-cancerous they are a cause for concern. If you notice anything suspicious on your skin which does not disappear within a month then you should go see your doctor immediately. Early detection is a key element in the successful treatment of skin cancer and so it is far better to take the time and get yourself tested.
Whilst every intention has been made to make this article accurate and informative, it is intended for general information only Skin cancer is a very serious, life-threatening condition.
Dark skinned people rarely get skin cancer, although they should be careful as well. The people most at risk of skin cancer are those with fair skin, freckles, who burn red in the sun and who spend too much time in the sun without protection.
Some inherited skin diseases make those people much more likely to get skin cancer. In order to tell whether a suspicious skin condition is skin cancer or not, you’ll probably require a biopsy. If cancerous, it’ll be removed by surgery or radiotherapy, depending on its size and type.
Some alternative techniques have been used for Skin Cancer Treatment which are scientifically proven and used under the guidance of doctors. Some nutritious diets reduce the effect of malignant cells like diet enriched with vitamin-D like milk, egg, soya, cereal breakfast, foods rich in fat, folic acid, fish, pumpkin, carrots, and broccoli.
Besides from these elements, fruits containing antioxidants like apple, orange help to reduce the chance of affecting from skin cancers. Some nutritious diets full of proteins like meat, fish and others may help to reduce the size of the tumor.
Knowing the signs and characteristics of the three types of skin cancer will help you to diagnose and treat the disease however prevention is a far better solution. Always put sunscreen on exposed parts of the body when in the sun. Wear a hat and sunglasses. Wear clothing like a long sleeve shirt to cover the arms and torso.